Monday, October 21, 2019

Oxford Brookes University, UK Scholarship of £2,000

Oxford Brookes University automatic scholarship of £2,000

Oxford Brookes University, UK will be offering a brand new scholarship for international students starting in September 2020. Confirm your place by 15 April 2020 to secure an automatic scholarship of £2,000 towards paying your tuition fees!

We know that moving to a new country can be a challenge, and we believe that good preparation is an important factor in student success. In order to encourage our students to be well prepared for their new life in the UK, we will be offering a brand new scholarship to support students who confirm their places early.

Oxford Brookes University UK Scholarships
Oxford Brookes University UK Scholarships

To be eligible for this scholarship you must meet or exceed the University's published entry requirements, and you need to accept and confirm your place by 15 April 2020. This includes payment of any deposit where relevant. The scholarship is only available to new full-time undergraduate and postgraduate international fee-paying students enrolling in September 2020.*

Full details will be announced in October 2019, please check back then to find out more!

Living Costs

The amount of money you will need for living costs will depend on your course and lifestyle. The table below gives an example of the cost of living for a student at Oxford Brookes in 2019/20. The costs will vary significantly from student to student, so you should think realistically about what you will spend.

Example Breakup of expenses :
BreakdownWeekly expenditure
Accommodation *
(Based on the average cost for a self catered room (non-ensuite and ensuite) in halls of residence. Includes cost of heat and water. See the university's accommodation pages for specific prices.
Telephone **£10
Internet (included in most hall fees)£5
Transport in Oxford (Brookes bus included in most hall and tuition fees)£10
Household goods (toiletries, cleaning products, laundry etc)£10
Leisure / sport / hobbies£35
Books / stationery£10
Insurance (included in hall fees*)£3
Other expenses (eg haircuts, gifts clothes, make sure you have enough money to cover emergencies)£30
Total weekly expenditure£318
Total monthly expenditure£1,378
Total annual expenditure for a 35 week course (September to May)£11,130
 Total annual expenditure for a 52 week course (eg postgraduate study)£16,536

About University

Oxford Brookes University began life as the Oxford School of Art in 1865. It occupied one room on the ground floor of the Taylor Institution in the centre of the city.

Five years later the School of Science was incorporated. Classes in a range of scientific and technical subjects were available. As well as evening classes in the University Museum. In 1891 the School was taken over by the Technical Instruction Committee (part of Oxford City Council), and renamed Oxford City Technical School.

John Henry Brookes became Vice-Principal of the Oxford City Technical School and Head of the School of Art in 1928. Over the next 30 years he worked on the development of the institution. His goal was to make education available to all.

In 1949, the School moves to a 25-acre site in Headington. Brookes referred to the move as 'setting foot in the Promised Land'. Lord Nuffield laid the foundation stone six years later. Over the years there were more merges and name changes. Finally in 1992 it was named Oxford Brookes University.

Today, Oxford Brookes University is a thriving community of staff and students. Committed to helping our students achieve their potential. And to become graduates prepared for fulfilling and valuable lives.

Full Address

Oxford Brookes University
Headington Campus
+44 (0) 1865 741111

Saturday, October 12, 2019

Adikavi Nannaya University AKNU UG PG Results

Adikavi Nannaya University Results  for various UG/PG Courses @ 

Candidates who are appreared for the examination at AKNU 1st sem results  can check from the below links. Moreover you can also search for B.A/B.Com, B.Sc, MBA, Final Year Adikavi Nannaya University Results -19. All the students can check your AKNU Online Results 2017-18 from University website ( Also Check Adikavi Nannaya University AKNU Final Results . The aspirants who are looking for their marks of UG Exam Results  can check from this website also. Here we provide direct link for faster downloads of your Manabadi AKNU University Nov/April/May Results which are provided here by NIC Results.

Download Adikavi Nannaya University Results  for UG/PG

All the Students who are written their examinations for Under Graduation & Post Graduation are eagerly inspecting for Internal & external AKN University UG/PG results and University of Adikavi Nannaya 2017 PG Exam Results & Mark Sheet. So, you can download AKN University BA, B.Com, B.Sc Regular Exam Results  as well as Adikavi Nannaya University Results Server  for January-December Regular & Supply Exams from below direct link. It is very important to know your AKNU Final Semester Wise Exam Results & Annual First year Second Back & AKNU Exam Results to get graduation certificate and further moves to career path.

Adikavi Nannaya University AKNU Degree UG PG Examination Results
AKNU Degree UG PG Examination Results

Every Year Adikavi Nannaya University Kakinada conducts examinations in the month of November, December & May for B.Sc, B.Com, MBA, M.Sc, B.Tech, DDE Internal & External Exam. This year also successfully done all semester Paper exams for various courses and given AKNU Kakinada Degree Supply Results . So, the candidates who are written your exams well can check your updated Adikavi Nannaya University Results for BA Courses Here. Also Verify Back Result Session (BA, B.Com, B.Sc) Regular Exam . Moreover today Telangana University released Kakinada Exam Results for Degree 1st, 2nd, 3rd Year & PG results in official website.

Check AKNU Examination Results (Check Here...)

Check Adikavi Nannaya University Results 

All appeared candidates for AKNU Degree, PG & Engineering Exams need to check the UG and PG Adikavi Nannaya University 2nd Semester Result, 3rd Sem, and AKNU 5th sem at the official website. Candidates will be moves to further academic year on the basis of performance in the Written Examination results. Although The results get released by the AKN University authorities. So, check the Adikavi Nannaya University Results  to through aknu 3rd sem results  with Hall Ticket Number. Aspirants qualified in the written exam eligible for the next semester. Further details regarding AKNU Exams B.Ed Supplementary & Revaluation Examination Results is given below.

Are you Browsing internet for the Adikavi Nannaya University Results Student Mark List of Batch – 2016, 2017,  & 2019 ? If yes, then you are at the correct place now. Because, The AKN University, Kakinada will upload the All Provisional Results for Semester Wise at Candidates appeared for the written exam can check the Result. Moreover, www nannayauniversity info result is that which contains the date regarding candidates performed well in the written test. If the contender name is available in the Qualified list then he will eligible for the further semester study. More over candidates can download Adikavi Nannaya Univ Post Graduate & Under Graduate Exam Results  through website.

manabadi aknu degree results | Final Examination Results of Adikavi Nannaya Univ Release Date –

The Rama Devi Women’s University is the First Women’s University of the state of Odisha . It was established as a University on 30th May, 2015,after the erstwhile Rama Devi Women’s Autonomous College was upgraded to a University by the State Govt .Iinitially 46 Women’s Colleges affiliated to Utkal University were brought under its jurisdiction.. It was started in 1964 in the name of Government Women’s College and carried on its mission of propagation of education in the state .The Government Women’s College Bhubaneswar was renamed as Rama Devi Women’s College in 1969 in the name of Maa Rama Devi ,the brave freedom fighter of the nation and ardent follower of Mahatma Gandhi.

Adikavi Nannaya University 6th Sem result  | AKNU UG (BA/B.Sc/B.Com) Sem Wise Results  | AKNU Results

The AKNU 1st Sem Results  Available now. Candidates can download Adikavi Nannaya University All Semester Wise exam result through official website Portal. Also download the AKNU B.Ed, BCA, BA, B.Com & IT Results -19 on our page. Because we will update the direct download link of AKNU Degree Results  as soon as they get released at the official portal. Aspirants get ready with your hall ticket number to check the result online. So, keep visiting our site for the latest updates of AKNU Kakinada Result of BA, B.Sc, B.Com, M.Phil, MA, M.Com and other. We advise the individuals to check the Adikavi Nannaya Degree Results. Also Check for Individual Categories from the below attached link for faster download.

SKU Degree PG Results BA Bcom BSc 1st 2nd 3rd

SKU Degree Results BA Bcom BSc 1st 2nd 3rd year Results of Sri Krishnadevaraya University Degree / UG Results

Sri Krishnadevaraya University Degree Results were declared soon. SKU Degree BA/BCom/BSc Results 2016 Available. The Sri Krishnadevaraya University Degree BA, Bcom, BSc (I,II,III year) final examinations were held in the month of March / April at various examination centers. Lakhs of candidates sat in these examinations. All appeared aspirants with their parents are more curious to know their SKU Degree BA Bcom, BSc 1st, 2nd & 3rd year Results by entering the Hall ticket number. Get all you skuniversity results which are provided here by NIC Results.

This is a good news for the students who are studying BA, BCom, BSc 1st, 2nd, 3rd year under The Sri Krishnadevaraya University. SKU Degree BA Bcom BSc I, II, III year results would be available on the official website . The SKU Degree candidates need to download their SKU Degree BA, BCom, BSc 1st,2nd, 3rd year Results through official website. 

All the students keep your hall tickets with you on result time, and enter a valid hall ticket number to check the result course/year wise. SKU Degree students did hard word in study for SKU Degree BA Bcom, BBM, BSc I, II, III year exam . They all want to go for PG courses. The Sri Krishnadevaraya University will distribute the original mark sheets to the colleges. Students need to collect it from the respective college principal.

SKU Sri Krishnadevaraya University UG PG Results
SK University UG PG Results

Sri Krishnadevaraya University Degree Results 2019 for B.Com, BA, B.Sc, BBM 

The SKU has conducted 1st, 3rd, 5th semester examinations results available here. Sri Krishnadevaraya University is expected to release the Degree 2nd, 4th and 6th semester results in the months . Candidates attempted the Degree Examinations such as B.Com., BA, B.Sc., BBM and other courses can check the results for even semesters (2nd, 4th, 6th). Students those have not got the satisfactory marks in the exams can apply for revaluation/recounting as per their interest. The University shortly announces the revaluation/recounting dates and also the subject-wise fee to be paid for each paper. Students those have failed in the examinations can apply for supplementary examinations. The supplementary examinations will be held in August/September months. The SKU Degree Supplementary Timetable will be released shortly. Candidates can stay visiting the SKU official portal, for latest notifications and updates from the university. 

Manabadi SKU Degree 2nd, 4th, 6th Sem Results Candidates can check the SKU UG Results 2019 from the other popular result portals such as manabadi, schools9, and others. Students may not access their results from the official portal due to huge traffic. Hence students can go to alternative portals to check their results. UG II, IV and VI SEMESTER RESULTS, March 2019 All the students of UG Courses (B.A., B.Sc., B.Com. and B.B.A) who appeared for II, IV and VI Semesters Examinations (Regular and Supplementary) of S.K. University held in March/April, 2019 are hereby informed that the Results, announced in May/June.

Easy steps to download SKU Degree Results BA BCom BSc :

  1. Students need to open the the official website
  2. Search and find the link of SKU Degree Results BA Bcom BSc,
  3. Enter the hall ticker number, name and date of birth,
  4. Click on the Get results Button,
  5. The results will be downloaded on the computer screen with marks,
  6. Take a print out of results or save it for future reference.

SKU Degree B.A/B.Com/B.Sc Results (Check Here..)

Graduation and Post Graduation Exam (UG & PG Exam) Completed candidates or pursuing Candidates, they needed to know about the Sri Krishnadevaraya University Result which is published here for the Candidates Sake. This is the very important Result for all the Exam appeared Students to get their SKU Result Provisional Certificate at the end of the written Exam Process if the students get qualified in all the subjects. So clearly check out the SKU Regular Results which is mentioned here with the year wise and the educational Stream Wise. If they needed to know more clarity about the sk university degree results, they have to read out all the given Details here or follow up the University page @

SK University Degree Results

Those Candidates who have not to get the qualified marks in the Sri Krishnadevaraya University Result, for those Candidates this page is going to give the One important news is that there will be the re-evaluation Process for the failed Students in the Exam. If they follow up those SKU Re-evaluation Process, then the Candidates will be having the chance of getting the qualified marks in the Examination. By paying the some amount of the Money, the SKU Re-Evaluation Process Marks is also given here on the Result Page. The overall Percentage of the Candidates is also been suitable in the SKU Result Page by

Tuesday, October 8, 2019

UPSC SCRA Application – Exam Date - Apply Online

SCRA knows as Special Class Railway Apprentice has declared SCRA  Application – Exam Date – Where Apply Online for SCRA  test online.

Special Class Railway Apprentice is a programme of 4 years for mechanical students, who want to make career in the indian railways. This exam is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Selection process for SCRA is in 2 stages, 1st written test and 2nd and final step is UPSC SCRA Interview/ Personality Test. 

Lakhs of candidates enters into SCRA exam every year to get admission in the department of Mechanical Engineering, Railway of India. Now if you looking for scra test dates and exam admit card/hall tickets then check below info here provided by NIC Results.

UPSC SCRA Application Exam Date - Apply Online
SCRA Application Exam Date - Apply Online

SCRA Important Dates :

  1. Notification - February 2020
  2. Online Application form Available from - February 2020
  3. Online Application form Ends - March 2020
  4. Admit cards - July 2020
  5. Exam Date - July 2020
  6. Result Declares - August 2020

Eligibility Criteria

Candidates should have passed 10+2 from any recognized Board with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as compulsory subjects. Candidates should have passed Graduation Degree from any recognized University.

SCRA Exam  Education qualifications

Students should have 1st or 2nd division in class 12th and have studied compulsory subjects like Mathematics and the Chemistry & Physics as in the qualifying exam with minimum 55%/60% marks and must be recognised from the University.

SCRA Application Form

Candidates applying for the admissions should follow the below mentioned steps while filling the application form. Applications are to be filled through online mode.

  • Visit the official website of the University.
  • Click on “Apply Online”.
  • Click on New Registration.
  • Enter the details such as Name, Father’s Name, Mother’s Name, Email ID, Phone Number etc.
  • After registration part is completed, the applicants will be provided with new User ID and Password.
  • Login with the credentials and fill the remaining application part such as Educational Qualification, Caste, Address.
  • Upload Scanned Photo & Signature, Thhum impression in prescribed size.
  • Upload required documents as mentioned in the application form.
  • Make the fee payment through Net Banking/Credit Card/Debit Card or Demand Draft.

SCRA  Exam Admit Card – Download SCRA Test Hall ticket

There are two ways of filling online application, Online and offline applications.

How to Fill SCRA  Application Form ?

you can visit the official website of the UPSC to fill online application. The registration process will be considered completed if fee can be paid through depositing challan form/Registration Form Using SBI net banking or Visa/Master Cards,

SCRA Exam Structure/Scheme-

SCRA exam pattern and selection procedure .

  1. Written examination.
  2. Personality test/Interview.
Written Examination-Written examinations contains three papers:
· General Ability Test
· Physical Sciences
· Mathematics
Subject Marks
General Ability Test 200
Physical Sciences 200
Mathematics 200
Total Marks 600
UPSC SCRA Paper has contain objective type questions only. Duration of each paper will 2 hours.
After the exam, Student is Short listed for Interview & Personality test, will be of 200 marks.
( Negative Marks for wrong answers.) The paper will be in English medium.

General Principles & Some Basic Concepts In Chemistry, Chemical Kinetics , Organic Compounds Containing Halogen , Processes of Isolation of Metals ,Equilibrium, Periodicity ,Classification Of Elements, Solutions ,Chemical Bonding And Molecular Structure, States Of Matter, Hydrocarbons and so on.

English language:
Basic Concepts related to English Grammar & Compositions.

Continuity and Differentiability ,Algebra, Vector Algebra, Trigonometry, Complex Numbers, Permutations and Combinations, Limit, Differential Equations , Integral Calculus, Quadratic Equations, Sets, Relations & Function and so on.

Nuclei ,Physics and Measurement ,Optics , Thermodynamics ,Atoms, Work, Energy and Power , Current Electricity ,Electrostatics, Laws of Motion ,Gravitation, Rotational Motion and so on.

General Knowledge:
The section includes latest news and events, History, Civics, Politics, and Geography, Basic solar, environmental and human beings evolution related questions.

SCRA 2020 Notification Released - CLICK HERE for Notification soon

SCRA 2020 Online Application - CLICK HERE soon

  • UPSC SCRA Detailed Syllabus
Official website of the SCRA Exam :

About UPSC
Civil Servants for the East India Company used to be nominated by the Directors of the Company and thereafter trained at Haileybury College in London and then sent to India. Following Lord Macaulay’s Report of the Select Committee of British Parliament, the concept of a merit based modern Civil Service in India was introduced in 1854. The Report recommended that patronage based system of East India Company should be replaced by a permanent Civil Service based on a merit based system with entry through competitive examinations. For this purpose, a Civil Service Commission was setup in 1854 in London and competitive examinations were started in 1855. Initially, the examinations for Indian Civil Service were conducted only in London. Maximum age was 23 years and minimum age was 18 years. The syllabus was designed such that European Classics had a predominant share of marks. All this made it difficult for Indian candidates. Nevertheless, in 1864, the first Indian, Shri Satyendranath Tagore brother of Shri Rabindaranath Tagore succeeded. Three years later 4 other Indians succeeded.

Throughout the next 50 years, Indians petitioned for simultaneous examinations to be held in India without success because the British Government did not want many Indians to succeed and enter the ICS. It was only after the First World War and the Montagu Chelmsford reforms that this was agreed to. From 1922 onwards the Indian Civil Service Examination began to be held in India also, first in Allahabad and later in Delhi with the setting up of the Federal Public Service Commission. The Examination in London continued to be conducted by the Civil Service Commission.

Similarly, prior to independence superior police officers belonged to the Indian (Imperial) Police appointed by the Secretary of State by competitive examination. The first open competition for the service was held in England in June, 1893, and 10 top candidates were appointed as Probationary Assistant Superintendents of Police. Entry into Imperial Police was thrown open to Indians only after 1920 and the following year examinations for the service were conducted both in England and India. Indianisation of the police service continued to be very slow despite pronouncement and recommendations of the Islington Commission and the Lee Commission. Till 1931, Indians were appointed against 20% of the total posts of Superintendents of Police. However, because of non availability of the suitable European candidates, more Indians were appointed to the Indian Police from the year 1939 onwards.

Regarding Forest Service, British India Government started the Imperial Forest Department in 1864 and to organize the affairs of the Imperial Forest Department, Imperial Forest Service was constituted in 1867. From 1867 to 1885, the officers appointed to Imperial Forest Service were trained in France and Germany. Till 1905, they were trained at Coopers Hill, London. In 1920, it was decided that further recruitment to the Imperial Forest Service would be made by direct recruitment in England and India and by promotion from the provincial service in India. After independence, the Indian Forest Service was created in 1966 under All India Service Act 1951.

Regarding Central Civil Services, the Civil Services in British India were classified as covenanted and uncovenanted services on the basis of the nature of work, pay-scales and appointing authority. In 1887, the Aitchinson Commission recommended the reorganization of the services on a new pattern and divided the services into three groups-Imperial, Provincial and Subordinate. The recruiting and controlling authority of Imperial services was the ‘Secretary of State’. Initially, mostly British candidates were recruited for these services. The appointing and controlling authority for Provincial  services was the respective provincial government, which framed rules for these services with the approval of the Government of India. With the passing of the Indian Act 1919, the Imperial Services headed by the Secretary of State for India, were split into two-All India Services and Central Services. The central services were concerned with matters under the direct control of the Central Government. Apart from the Central Secretariat, the more important of these services were the Railway Services, the Indian Posts and Telegraph Service, and the Imperial Customs Service. To some of these, the Secretary of State used to make appointments, but in the great majority of cases their members were appointed and controlled by the Government of India.

The origin of the Public Service Commission in India is found in the First Dispatch of the Government of India on the Indian Constitutional Reforms on the 5th March, 1919 which referred to the need for setting up some permanent office charged with the regulation of service matters. This concept of a body intended to be charged primarily with the regulation of service matters, found a somewhat more practical shape in the Government of India Act, 1919. Section 96(C) of the Act provided for the establishment in India of a Public Service Commission which should “discharge, in
regard to recruitment and control of the Public Services in India, such functions as may be assigned thereto by rules made by the Secretary of State in Council”. After passing of the Government of India Act, 1919, in spite of a prolonged correspondence among various levels on the functions and machinery of the body to be set up, no decision was taken on setting up of the body. The subject was then referred to the Royal Commission on the Superior Civil Services in India (also known as Lee Commission). The Lee Commission, in their report in the year 1924, recommended that the statutory Public Service Commission contemplated by the Government of India Act, 1919 should be established without delay.

Subsequent to the provisions of Section 96(C) of the Government of India Act, 1919 and the strong recommendations made by the Lee Commission in 1924 for the early establishment of a Public Service Commission, it was on October 1, 1926 that the Public Service Commission was set up in India for the first time. It consisted of four Members in addition to the Chairman. Sir Ross Barker, a member of the Home Civil Service of the United Kingdom was the first Chairman of the Commission. The functions of the Public Service Commission were not laid down in the Government of India Act, 1919, but were regulated by the Public Service Commission (Functions) Rules, 1926 framed under sub-section (2) of Section 96(C) of the Government of India Act, 1919. Further, the Government of India Act, 1935 envisaged a Public Service Commission for the Federation and a Provincial Public Service Commission for each Province or group of Provinces. Therefore, in terms of the provisions of the Government of India Act, 1935 and with its coming into effect on 1st April, 1937, the Public Service Commission became the Federal Public Service Commission.

With the inauguration of the Constitution of India in January 26, 1950, the Federal Public Service Commission came to be known as the Union Public Service Commission, and the Chairman and Members of the Federal Public Service Commission became Chairman and Members of the Union Public Service Commission by virtue of Clause (1) of Article 378 of the Constitution.

Sunday, October 6, 2019

MSBTE Winter Exams Hall Ticket Download available here

MSBTE Winter Hall Ticket Download

Maharashtra State Board of Technical Education, Mumbai is going to conduct the Summer Exams. Download the MSBTE Hall Ticket Winter . Check the details about the MSBTE Diploma Admit card here with is provided by NIC Results. Those Candidates already applied for the Maharashtra educational board. Now they all are searching for the MSBTE Admit card to attend their Winter Exams . Many students already fill out the Application form of Maharashtra Diploma Exam.

MSBTE Winter Diploma Admit Card

This Organization conducts the Diploma Exam every year, and Offers diploma in technical education And Providing online courses, information and consultancy services.

Name of the Organization : Maharashtra State Board of Technical Education
Name of the Exam : Diploma Technical Exam
Information about : MSBTE Hall Ticket Winter

According to the Official notification that the MSBTE Hall ticket is Available shortly on Internet or its official websites. We inform to the applied applicants that’s keep visiting on the official page of the organization. Admit card is a Curial Document which contain the information about the Valid Candidates which applied for the Diploma Exam, it also maintain the examination venue, Hall show the Name of the Applied candidates, Photographs of the Applicants. So it is compulsory to bring the Admit card on the date of examination.

Maharashtra State Board Technical Education MSBTE Winter Hall Ticket
MSBTE Winter Hall Ticket

We are providing the Usefully Steps to download the admit card from the Official link, So those applicants are interested they can check the Steps carefully its helps on at the time of downloading the MSBTE Winter Hall ticket.

Steps to download the MSBTE Call letter

1. Applicants firstly visit the Official website which is
2. Search the option of Winters Exams.
3. Choose the option of Hall ticket.
4. Fill the details like registration number, date of birth.
5. Save the Admit card for the future Use.

Note After getting the admit card you can bring it on the Examination hall if you not brought your Admit card then the department will not allow to Sit in the examination hall. Also Bring your Photographs and ID proof.

Download MSBTE Time Table Winter Hall Ticket -Click Here
(Live Now..)

After download hall ticket, students should check all the details on their hall ticket like name, exam center, exam date, subjects etc. If found any mistake, contact the respective authorities as fast as possible for correction.

Maharashtra State Board of Technical Education has released a notification for downloading MSBTE Hall Ticket 2015-2016 for the various diploma, post diploma and advanced diploma courses which will be scheduled to be held in the end of December month. As registration process is already finished and large no. of students had applied for the winter exam. All the students are waiting for hall ticket but now the board has finally uploaded and it’s time to download the hall ticket for the winter exam.

The Maharashtra State Board of Technical Education (MSBTE) was formed in August 1963 o cater the increasing needs of affiliated institutions and their students. It is an autonomous board of education in the state of Maharashtra which designs and implements diploma, post diploma and advanced diploma programs to affiliated institutions. MSBTE conducts examinations in semester basis. The results of winter exam results will be published in January and summer exam will be published in June.

All the students know very well that Hall Ticket is very important to appear in the exam. The students reporting without hall ticket for the exam will not be permitted to take the exam, so don’t forget to take your hall ticket at the time of exam and also keep it at a safe place. MSBTE already uploaded the final timetable for winter exam and students can download time table from the official website of the board.

Saturday, October 5, 2019

Indian education system issues and challenges

NIC Results provides you the brief story on the Education System - Issues and Challenges. You get all the information here.

Need and importance of education

Education, as you are aware, is vital to the human resources development and empowerment in the stages of growth of a nation. In any education system, higher education encompassing Management, Engineering, Medicines etc., plays a major role in imparting knowledge, values, and developing skills and, in the process, increase the growth and productivity of the nation. While the Government is committed to providing primary education and certain facilities/subsidies for higher education, given the higher cost involved in the establishment of higher education institutes, we are witnessing the entry of private sector to run educational institutions.

On the need for education, I wish to quote our Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi, who once said that education not only moulds the new generation, but reflects a society’s fundamental assumptions about itself and the individuals which compose it. 

The famous philosopher Einstein while discussing the need for education has projected the following fundamentals:

a. To educate the individual as a free individual; to understand and use critical thinking skills.

b. To educate the individual as a part of society – virtually all our knowledge, our clothes, our food is produced by others in our society, thus, we owe Society and have responsibility to contribute back to Society.

c. Through education, knowledge must continually be renewed by ceaseless effort, if it is not to be lost. It resembles a statute of marble which stands in the desert and is continually threatened with burial by the shifting sand. The hands of service must ever be at work, in order that the marble continue to lastingly shine in the sun.

While discussing the importance of education, I must state that schools have become the most important means of transforming wealth of knowledge and skills from one generation to another. However, the role of institutions becomes more challenging in the modern world with innovations and technological developments. Investment in education and educational institutions should be viewed as an investment for economic prosperity.

Indian education system issues and challenges
Indian education system issues and challenges

In India, there are about 26,478 institutions providing higher education and accounting for the largest number in the world. In comparison, according to a report1, in 2010, the U.S. had only 6,706 higher education schools and China had 4,000. It is important that given the large number of schools of higher learning in India, we must target to bring more students under the system. Investment in human capital, lifelong learning and quality education help in the development of society and nation.

Demographic contour

According to the National Commission on Population, it is expected that the age profile of population of India will experience changes in the coming years. By 2016, approximately 50 per cent of the total population will be in the age group of 15–25 years. It is projected that a vast population would enter the working age group in the next 15 years, leading to increase in productive activities and also savings rate as witnessed in Japan in the 1950s and China 1980s. In other words, there would be a tremendous rise in the number of employable work force in the job market which would demand commensurate investment in education. In the literature, Demographic Dividend refers to population “lump” in the working age group of 15–60 which can be described as a major advantage for pushing the economic growth. It suggests that the major challenge before India is how this advantageous demographic profile can be harnessed to reflect in the macro-economic parameters of the country.

Given the demographic profile advantage, the average Indian will be only 29 years old in 2020 as compared with 37 years for China and the U.S., 45 years for West Europe and 48 years for Japan. The global demographic profile, in future, would, therefore, lead to shortage of productive workforce globally but India will experience a surplus. We need to realize that this advantage for us will not be automatically transformed into higher economic growth. Strategic interventions and foresight in terms of encouraging investments in education and skills development by policy makers are needed to reap maximum benefits of demographic dividend.

Issues and challenges

Expenditure on education : In terms of expenditure incurred on education, particularly on higher education, during the year 2010–11, the government spent around Rs.15, 440 crore which is about 85 per cent of the revised budget estimates for the year. The recent 66th round of NSSO survey reveals that between 1999 and 2009, spending on education in general jumped by 378 per cent in rural areas and 345 per cent in urban areas of the country. The survey further reveals that spending on children’s education underlines sharp increase – 63 per cent for rural and 73 per cent for urban families. However, if we measure the expenses on education as a percentage to GDP, India lags behind some developed/ developing nations (Table 1). We recognize that the gap in investments in education in India can perhaps be filled by private sector playing a crucial role.

Expenditure on Education from UNHDP
Expenditure on Education

Gross enrolment pattern

At present, in India, there are about 1.86 crore students enrolled in various streams of higher education including Business Management.3 Despite the large number of students studying in various streams, we have not seen any major shift in the productivity as skills and talents are deficient to support economic activities and, hence, there is a serious concern on employability of these educated persons. The gross enrolment ratio (GER) for higher education in India was 12 per cent in 2010. However, the enrolment level varies across states. We also need to recognize that our enrolment level is far below several other countries. For example, according to a Report, GER is 23 per cent for China, 34 per cent for Brazil, 57 per cent for U.K., 77 per cent for both Australia and Russia and 83 per cent for the U.S (Annex 1). In this context, the attempt of Government authorities to increase the number of students by 2020 so as to reach GER of 30 per cent becomes a big challenge. No doubt, the launch of new institutes like JRE School of Management can play a catalyst role in addressing the challenge of increasing GER in India. As a positive step, for the remaining duration of Eleventh Five Year Plan, the Government has taken initiatives to incentivise States for setting up/expansion of existing educational institutions, establishment of 8 universities, expansion of colleges to achieve a target of 1 lakh students enrolment and schemes for setting up model colleges in regions which are below national average of GER.

Capacity utilisation

Another challenge to be addressed in strengthening the Indian education system is to improve the capacity utilization. For example, a recent study4 on capacity utilization in India for higher education indicates that the capacity utilization in case of MBA is about 57 per cent in Maharashtra and 72 per cent in Haryana (Annex 2). In case of certain states, there are a lot of unfilled seats in institutions. On the one hand, we need to improve our GER, and on the other, we need to ensure that institutions/ colleges/schools created for providing higher education fully utilize the capacity created.

Infrastructure facilities

One of the factors why the capacity utilization is low in upcoming/new institutions/colleges (both in private and public sectors) is their inability to provide necessary physical infrastructure to run the institutions. The infrastructure facilities desirable to rank the institutions of better quality include real estate, state of the art class rooms, library, hostels, furniture, sports facilities, transport, commercial buildings, etc. We need to ensure apolitical private sector participation in the establishment of colleges for providing quality physical infrastructure.

PPP model

The Government is making efforts to improve the education system in terms of various parameters like GER, quality, investments, infrastructure, etc. But we need to recognize the constraints for the Government to make a big turnaround with huge investments in education. I believe that private sector has started playing a distinctive role in improving the education system in India. In this context, it is useful to explore the possibility of public private partnership (PPP) model in education. This is not only going to reduce the burden of the Government in incurring high cost of providing basic infrastructure facilities but also lead to construction of state of the art buildings, labs, libraries, hostels etc. Besides, the collaborative efforts between universities/colleges and corporates would help in organizing joint research and development, students getting exposure to industrial activities in terms of internships, corporate training during vacations and issuing of certificates by corporates for attending internship/training etc. and, thus, facilitating in image building and branding of institutions and making the students more job-worthy.

Student-teacher ratio

Another challenge for improving the Indian education system is to improve the studentteacher ratio. In India, this ratio is very high as compared to certain comparable countries in the world. For example, while in developed countries this ratio stands at 11.4, in case of India, it is as high as 22.0. It is even low in CIS (10.9), Western Asia (15.3), and Latin America (16.6) (Annex 3). This brings the necessity to recruit quality teachers and strengthen the teachers required to handle classes. I also feel that like in developed countries where students are given part-time teaching assignments, we can also explore such possibilities in technical/higher education to handle lower level classes. It is also expected to help the students in meeting their education expenses partially.

Accreditation and branding – quality standards

In order to improve the skills and talent of our large populace, there is a need for raising the quality and standards of our education system. It is well-known that many of our professionals (engineers/doctors/management professionals) remain unemployed despite lot of opportunities being open in the globalised world. One of the major factors is the lack of quality education resulting in qualified but not employable category. We need to introduce/activate the mechanism for rating and ranking universities/colleges. At present, there is no compulsion for institutions/colleges to get accreditation in India. Government has already mooted a proposal to introduce accreditation. We, therefore, require standard rating agencies to give accreditation to universities/colleges/schools. In a recent ranking of Business Schools by Financial Times at global level, in the top fifteen, only two of the Indian premier Business Schools appeared at rank no. 11 and 13 for the year 2011. Most of the top ranking business schools were from the U.S. In this ranking, even China was ahead of India.

In the same reporting, in respect of value for money of these two Schools, it is observed that it is not that high when compared with some of the best U.S. Schools. However, a positive development is that these high ranked Indian Schools possess faculties with doctoral qualifications and of global standards who can deliver quality education to the students. In the world ranking of universities by Quacquarelli Symonds in 2010, out of 200 world renowned universities, only one Indian educational institution appears in the list, while 53 institutions are in the U.S. According to Webometrics ranking for 2011, while no Indian university appears in the list, there are 99 U.S. universities included. This essentially shows that we need to develop Centre for excellence of global standards. Given the increasing role of private sector in the recent years in the development of higher education standards, we need more such institutions that meet certain global rating standards to come up in those areas where low GER prevails. I understand that the JRE School of Management has been established in collaboration with the largest private education group in Asia-Pacific and, hence, striving for quality education of global standards would be its principal aim.

Students studying abroad

As mentioned in the beginning of my address, India has the largest number of higher education institutions. Despite that, we find the number of students interested in pursuing higher studies abroad is on the rise. In the year 2006, according to a Wikipedia report, 1.23 lakh students opted for higher education abroad, of which about 76,000 chose the U.S. as their destination, followed by U.K., Canada and Australia. However, in 2010–11, about 1.03 lakh students got admission to study in the U.S. In regard to Australia also, the number is on the rise. During 2004 to 2009, the number of students joining different courses rose from 30,000 to 97,000. Likewise, in the other sought after destination of U.K. for higher education, students studying abroad doubled between 1999 and 2009. In 2009, about 19,205 students were studying in U.K. Various factors encourage Indian students to seek admission abroad by taking loans from financial institutions including (a) quality of education, (b) increasing prosperity and aspirations and (c) social prestige and also exposure and experiences gained. We have to recognize these short-comings while building our educational institutions for reversal of trend.

Way forward

Innovations required

The challenge of educating millions of young people implies that we need to scale up our educational efforts multi-fold despite having the largest number of higher education institutes in the world. Mr Shantanu Prakash has established one more institute today but we need to create many more such centres. Scaling up is not possible unless the students become successful, create value in the society and contribute back to their alma-mater or, better still, start new institutes of global standards themselves.

The curriculum of some of the colleges/universities is more or less obsolete and do not equip students with the necessary skills or impart latest knowledge. If a student passes out of a chosen course, he or she should be employable as a work force. Unfortunately, given the phenomenal share of lack of technical knowledge in the courses of education, students are found wanting in the desired skills and technical soundness. To address this issue, we may think of strengthening the vocational streams in schools/colleges. I urge the universities/schools/colleges to regularly revisit their curriculum by involving experts from different fields so that the curriculum can lead to knowledge development. Further, why can we not use the available infrastructure more intensely? For instance, why cannot a second stream of courses, say vocational, be run in the evening/night so that the available /created infrastructure is better utilized.

Teachers are the most important factors for any innovative society because teachers’ knowledge and skills not only enhance quality and efficacy of education, but also improve the potential for research and innovation. Given the higher level of GER to be achieved by 2020, a large number of teachers would be required to educate the growing young population.

Maybe, students could be used as teachers, especially good students coming from lower income groups so that they can be partly be compensated. Further, barring some leading schools /universities /autonomous educational institutions, many of the teachers of colleges/universities need to hone their skills/talent. There is a need to encourage teachers to participate by presenting research papers in seminars/workshops/conferences and receive periodic trainings for updation of knowledge/skills. It is equally important that a feedback mechanism from students is introduced in universities/colleges to assess and evaluate teachers’ role in the institutional developmental process.

Quality of education

Given that we need to compete globally in the 21st century, our education system should adopt certain benchmarking techniques for improving instruction models and administrative procedures in universities/colleges to move forward. I suggest that we need a thorough study and evaluation of models implemented elsewhere and work out strategies to adopt such models in our system. Benchmarking in my opinion would provide benefits to our education system in terms of reengineering, setting right objectives, etc.

The country is showing consistency in economic growth pattern, leading the world in terms of information and technology, modernization various economic activities and pushing for higher share of industries and services sectors of the economy but there is one area which needs reform is “education system”. While it is true that some investments are taking place in the country’s higher education system, we are yet to establish world class research facilities, recruiting profound academicians in universities/colleges/research institutions, etc. to sustain and forge lead in economic development. It is important to understand that countries like China, Singapore, South Korea, etc. are moving fast in investing in education system. 

Therefore, it is imperative that our educational institutions are equipped with the desired quality and standards which are essentials for transforming the younger workforce into productive ones. Needless to reiterate that in the higher education system focus on use of technology for effective learning by students also need to be encouraged to have cutting edge over our competitors in the globalised world.

Making education affordable

In India, if education has to reach all deserving students, it should be made affordable. The fee structure in Government owned/sponsored institutions is inexpensive in India. However, in some private sector institutions, which have the freedom to prescribe fee structure and despite broad guidelines from certain state governments, fees are beyond the capacity of poor and deserving students. Ideally, the fee structure should vary for such economically weaker students. I would urge the educators to keep in mind that education should not become prohibitively expensive and ensure that no deserving candidate is denied admission just for the fact that he or she does not possess the necessary financial resources.

Ethics in education

In my opinion, the most important objective of any educational institution is to equip the students with ethical values besides imparting knowledge and skills. Today, I find that this basic human quality is slowly eroding. Illustratively, while the RBI as well as Government of India is formulating progressive policies to ensure funds do not pose a major problem for education, I observe some disturbing trend in respect of repayment of loans by students. It may be noted if the loans are not repaid after it falls due, the non-performing assets of banks will increase and in the process, banks are likely to be skeptical in sanctioning educational loans. It is, therefore, important that the repayment schedules are adhered to by those students who have taken loans. It is understood that to encourage banks to give educational loans to all deserving students, the Government is looking into the issue of setting up of a system of insuring educational loans. To reduce default of education loans, I strongly feel that the School Alumni Association of students can become active in inculcating ethics and values among students. They can provide the required synergies and linkages in addressing challenges relating to non-payment of outstanding education loans. 

In the same coin, as education has to be made affordable to all deserving and poor students, there is a strong need for educational institutions not to over-commercialize education but to uphold ethics in the business of education as well. It is not anyone’s case that the business has to be run unprofitably but the business must be carried out with ethical values for sustenance of educational institutions. Over exploitation should be avoided. Profit cannot be the sole motive for undertaking this business. It must be driven by an unflinching commitment to society which in turn will benefit the business in the long run.


To sum up, we need to recognize that the knowledge, skills and productivity of our growing young and dynamic work force forms the backbone of our economy. To reap the benefits of such a young work force, we need to implement the reforms in the education system and also bring forth new factors of production, namely knowledge, skills and technology which have the ability to unleash the productive frontiers of the economy in the most efficient and dynamic way. Besides, taking a leaf from the western hemisphere, India should try to become “knowledge economy” to promote inclusive growth. I, therefore, would like underline three major areas to be focused to ensure that our education system is sustainable and meets global standards:

i. Quality of Education – in terms of infrastructure, teachers, accreditation, etc.

ii. Affordability of Education – ensuring poor and deserving students are not denied education.

iii. Ethics in Education – avoiding over-commercialization of education system.

Let me take this opportunity to again wish JRE Group of Institutions in establishing JRE School of Management which I am sure will play an important role in the 21st century in the Indian education system by providing world class education at an affordable cost to the young students and achieve success in all frontiers of educational activities.

Article Source : Dr K C Chakrabarty, Deputy Governor of the Reserve Bank of India, at the JRE
School of Management, Greater Noida, 5 August 2011

Friday, October 4, 2019

JNTU Hyderabad (NTUH) All Exam Results

Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Hyderabad Examination Results

JNTU Hyderabad offered B.Tech, M. Pharmacy, M.Sc., M.B.A., M.C.A.,  M.Tech., M.S, M.Phil. Ph.D Courses and conducts the semester wise examinations for all the courses offered by the University to their campus and also affiliated colleges and universities. This Article and Website provides you the All the Examination Results here by NIC Results exclusively with Full speed and Fast action servers.

JNTU World NIC Results Updates – Latest All JNTU World NIC Results Notifications, Time Tables & Results Portal – Welcome to A dedicated and well renowned Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University (Hyderabad) examinations reference website which provides all latest JNTU Fast Updates and Notifications for all ongoing and upcoming JNTUH Academic Events. We also provide all JNTU Hyderabad Related Resources and Students get notified of all Examination Alerts, Results, Examination Time Tables and Much More. This website has been created in order to provide instant updates, materials, question banks, and all exam notifications and Results information.

NIC JNTU Hyderabad Examination Results
JNTU Hyderabad Exam Results

This site is JNTUH Engineers Hub and get JNTU Hyderabad News. JNTU World of NIC has uploaded all the previous question papers for JNTUH along with all the syllabus books and video lectures. We have tried to provide the full resources so that students can learn as much as possible about the subject. We are looking forward to collecting more resources and we are working positively towards our goal. We always try to provide you with the best available JNTU World Materials and resources. And in this chain, we have provided you numerous notes and other stuff. We are also providing All India Board Examinations, Entrance Tests, Eligibility Tests and Recruitment Examinations Result information and Result updates along with Education Updates.

Get all the JNTUH Results with extreme fast result servers with lightening Speed.

JNTUH Results Latest JNTU Hyderabad Result Upcoming & Previous Exams – Here on this page, we have listed all recent JNTU Hyderabad Results update and information. So students who are studying in any of Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Hyderabad affiliated colleges and are seeking latest JNTUH Results Update and information related to all upcoming Regular and Supplementary exams may get all such information right on this page.

On this dedicated page of all JNTUH Results information, we have tabulated most recent JNTU Hyderabad Exam Results of B.Tech, B.Pharmacy, M.Tech, M.Pharmacy, MBA, MCA, Pharma.D and all other courses result which are offered by the university. So for now, below we have tabulated most recent announcements of JNTUH Exam Results. Scroll down and check the results for which we have provided official links by NIC Results. Also, we have provided the latest valuation info and expected (not official) dates on which specific result might be declared. So simply scroll down, locate the semester and course for which you are looking the results info and by default, we have listed most recent announcements which are made by JNTU Hyderabad at Result Front,

To provide for the advancement of learning and knowledge in Engineering & Technology, Physical and Social Sciences by teaching, research and experimentation or practical training or by such other means as the University may deem fit.

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About JNTU Hyderabad

Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad, was established on 2nd october 1972 by the Legislature of the State of Andhra Pradesh as the first Technological University in the country. It has been in the forefront for the past 44 years in providing quality technological education of relevance in the State of Andhra Pradesh. After 36 years of existence it was restructured into 4 different Universities by the Government vide Government Ordinance No.13, dated 18th August 2008 and Act of State Legislature No.30 dated September 2008 and this new University has been designated as Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Hyderabad (JNTUH).

JNTUH is situated in a sprawling 89-acre campus at Kukatpally, Hyderabad. It has now 4 Constituent Engineering Colleges, one at Hyderabad, one at Kondagattu (Jagithyal), one at Manthani and one at Sultanpur (Medak dist.) and 15 other constituent units on Hyderabad campus. JNTUH offers B.Tech. programmes in 24 disciplines and B.Pharm at UG level; Integrated 5-year dual degree Masters programme; M.Tech. Programmes in 68 disciplines, M.Pharm. in 11 disciplines; M.Sc. in 10 disciplines; MCA, MBA and Double Degree Programmes at P.G. level; in addition to the offer of M.S., M.Phil., Ph.D. Research Programmes in various disciplines of Engineering, Technology, Science, Management and Humanities. JNTUH has 423 affiliated colleges spread over the Telangana State. JNTUH has more than 3.50 lakhs students on rolls. The University has Memoranda of University with many national and international organizations.

The University is situated at Kukatpally, Hyderabad in 89 acre campus.  JNTUH has four constituent engineering colleges and four academic units/schools in addition to other administrative functional units. Out of four engineering colleges, three constituent engineering colleges are situated in rural areas of Telangana. The constituent colleges and academic units/schools are as follows:
  1. JNTUH College of Engineering Hyderabad (Autonomous), Kukatpally, Hyderabad (1965)
  2. JNTUH College of Engineering Jagityal, Karimnagar Dist. (2007)
  3. JNTUH College of Engineering Manthani, Karimnagar Dist. (2010)
  4. JNTUH College of Engineering Sultanpur, Medak Dist. (2012)
  5. Institute of Science & Technology, Kukatpally, Hyderabad (1989)
  6. School of Information Technology, Kukatpally, Hyderabad (1989)
  7. School of Management Studies, Kukatpally, Hyderabad (1989)
  8. School of Continuing and Distance Education, Kukatpally, Hyderabad (1983)

The Constituent Engineering Colleges and Units/Schools of JNTUH are offering 21 undergraduate programmes in B.Tech., 47 Postgraduate programmes in M.Tech., M. Pharmacy, M.Sc., M.B.A. and M.C.A.,  Integrated 5-Year Dual Degree Masters Programme in 10 disciplines with M.Tech./M.B.A./M.S. In addition to this, M.S., M.Phil. and Ph.D. programmes in various disciplines of Engineering, Technology, Science, Management and Humanities & Social Sciences are offered. The University has Memoranda of Understanding (MoU) with many National and International Organizations, Universities, and Institutions.

The University offers B.Tech. Degree programme in 24 disciplines, B.Pharmacy, M.Tech. Degree programme in 64 disciplines, M. Pharmacy in 11 disciplines, M.C.A., M.B.A, M.A.M, M.T.M, Pharma.D. and Pharma.D. (PB) programmes in affiliated colleges.  In addition to the Constituent Units of the University, JNTUH has 291 Affiliated Colleges. They include 199 Engineering Colleges, 72 Pharmacy Colleges, 20 stand-alone MCA/MBA colleges spread over Telangana State. It has over 3.50 lakhs of students on rolls. Thus, JNTUH has become a major University providing quality technical education in the State. 

The University is supporting in conduct of the Entrance Tests TS EAMCET-2016 & TS ECET-2016 entrusted by the Telangana State Council for Higher Education and recruitment tests for various government organizations like TSGENCO, Police Recruitment Board etc.

Life at Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Hyderabad

Life at JNTUH is fantastic and far better than life at any other university across the state of Telangana. With a 100 acres campus area you have a lot of options to pass your free time. The campus is completely Wi-Fi enabled and It serves the educational needs of Telangana state. Faculty teaching here are also highly qualified and very supportive.

When it comes to infrastructure, good quality of furniture such as chairs, tables and other wooden racks are provided in classroom and in a library. When it comes to sports we have a badminton and volleyball court,  a kabbadi court, a  cricket ground,  a foot ball ground, a basket ball ground, student activity center etc. Hostel facility is available for both boys and girls in the campus. You will meet amazing people in hostel and  exposure you get from them is really amazing. Ragging is still prevalent in campus and if you are a day scholar, no senior will bother you. You can avoid most of the troubles if you stay in a campus  hostel.

Coming to library, we have a Central  library opened for students beyond the working hours. Apart from this each department is maintaining a departmental library. The timings of the university  are little rigid leaving less free time for you but have off on second saturdays and sundays. The relationship between seniors and juniors will also increase as time progresses.

When it comes to placements irrespective of the branch, you will be placed after 4 years in the core companies or in the IT sector. JNTU is maintaining a good placement cell in the university campus.
The Institutions in the campus will conduct events just like workshops, conferences, Technical and Co-Curricular  activities throughout the year.